Ecuador is a year-round destination. So generally it’s climate makes it absolutely possible to travel to all regions all year long. Its location directly on the equator makes the weather also quite stable. 4 seasons like in most countries in the northern hemisphere don’t exist. If high seasons would have to be named, it would be between June and September. Also December and January. The length of the days is almost constant.
In the mountains, the Sierra, which run from north to south through the country, the temperatures rise in the afternoon to between 19°C and 23°C, whereas they drop between 6°C and 12°C in the morning. In the mountains it can be quite windy. Quick weather changeshappen often, so when in nature, pack for 4 seasons in a day.
In the Amazon basin, temperatures during the day are usually in the high twenties, with little less during the nights. It can rain here any time, with peaks between March and september.
Along the coast, rain decreases from north to south. Near the peruvian border with almost no rain at all. Temperatures are year-round around 30°C with chillier and more misty mornings between June and november.
The same goes for the Galapagos islands, they may receive the mists (‘garúa’) between May and december.
Most parts of Colombia are affected by tropical climates. This is characterized by quite high temperatures throughout the year and fairly high amounts of rainfall, especially along the western coastal areas. On the high plains to the east of the mountains there is quite a bit of rain, especially in the western part. As you move more eastwards, the amounts of precipitation decreases significantly. The far northeast of Colombia is the driest, here there is a combination of a warm desert climate and a warm steppe climate. Also on the border with Ecuador, in southwestern Colombia, you will find a mix of a warm desert climate, a warm steppe climate and a warm sea climate.
Large elevation differences in Colombia causes the temperature per height to drop. The low-lying areas have an average annual temperature of 24 degrees Celsius inland and along the coastal areas in the west, going up to about 28 degrees Celsius along the coast in the north and northeast. The areas that are between a thousand and two thousand meters (3280-6560 ft) have an average annual temperature of 16 to 19 degrees Celsius. The peaks above 4000 meters (13120 ft) are even freezing, with eternal snow in many places.
In Peru, a country located just south of the Equator, there are three climate zones:
– a desert coastal strip (called la Costa), with a mild climate, cloudy and foggy in winter and pleasantly warm in summer;
– the Andean zone (la Sierra), more or less cold depending on altitude;
– finally, the large eastern area covered by the Amazonian forest (la Selva), with a hot and humid climate throughout the year.